Steels and buildings are like souls and bodies. How bodies couldn’t work without souls likewise, buildings can’t build without steel. Steel is the common thing used for building constructions. It is an alloy made up of iron with some amount of carbon for strength and resistance. The carbon content of steel is between 0.002% and 2.14%. The reason for its popularity among people is the low cost of making, forming, and processing it. Because of its low expenditure & high tensile strength, it is used to build construction, machines, ships, trains, cars, and weapons. Large sectors are using steels, so understanding what are the different types of steel used in construction before buying is important.
Composition Of Steel
Before knowing the types of steel, what amount of minerals will make the quality steel. The steel contains 1% manganese, 2% of carbon, and a few amounts of silicon, Sulphur, phosphorus, and oxygen.
3 Common Types of Steel Used in Construction
1. Rebar Steel
Rebar steel is also called reinforcing steel or reinforcement steel. A rebar is a mesh of steel wires or steel bars. Improve the tensile strength of the concrete rebar steels are used. It is an essential material for concrete. Deformed rebar steels are commonly used to Reinforce concrete structures (RCC). Rebar steel creates a safe, cost-effective, and durable project.
The types of Rebar steels are
- Carbon Steel Rebar
- Stainless Steel Rebar
- Galvanized Rebar
- Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Rebar
- Epoxy Coated Rebar
2. Structural Steel
Structural steel is another one of the most popular types of steel used in construction. It is commonly used to give a base or structure to a building. Structural steel has a high amount of carbon compared to other types of steel. It is fabricated through warmth and mechanical medicine. The high amount of carbon in the composition of structural steel provides high strength and low ductility. Not only stronger, but also structural steel has mechanical properties like Elasticity, Ductility, and Toughness.
Structural steel is adaptable and flexible. This is the reason why structural steel is used for construction. 25% of the structural steel is used in buildings.
The common shape of structural steels are beams, channels, tees sections, and angles.
3. Stainless Steel
The soundest feature of stainless steel is rustproof. Because of these features, it is used for designing the building. Commonly used as landscape material for interior and exterior structural members.
To acquire superior durability in structures, widely used in Architectural Structures, Bridges, river constructions, and Roofing.
Metallic Material stainless steel has excellent corrosion resistance but is a little expensive.
The Benefits of Using Stainless Steel in Your Constructions Are
- Stainless steel contains a high proportion of chromium which resist rust and discolor at standard temperatures.
- Available in all shapes and sizes.
- Due to rust-free products, they will last for a long time and reduce the replacement.
So, hope you have gotten an idea about the types of steel used in construction. But The tensile strength, corrosion resistance, and durability of products may differ from one grade to another grade. The Grade of products defines their properties. Thus, consult the best construction steel supplier before buying steel for construction.